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What Does Convection Mean? Different Types of Convection Cooking Explained

Danny Nguyen  |  September 11, 2014  |  6 Min. Read

Gas Cooking  |  Cooking

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JJW2430WS-convection-fanConvection cooking is a topic that comes up a lot when selling ovens – but what does it mean?

Here, we will break down what convection really means and how it applies to your appliances, in addition to the different types of convection cooking.

Convection ovens were introduced to the market in the 1970’s. Jenn-Air was the first manufacturer and the first to market convection ovens in the U.S. Today, several brands offer convection ovens, not just in wall ovens, but in ranges as well. But first, let’s discuss what convection ovens are.

Convection Ovens

There are two key points of convection ovens:

    • Convection ovens have heat sources at the top and bottom of the oven as well as a fan that circulates the warm air around the food. This helps to evenly cook the food, especially baking and browning more evenly, and sealing in juices. Conventional ovens do not have fans and use heat radiation that bounces off the oven walls.
    • Heating through using the fan allows not only for even cooking, but also to have the food cooked at a lower temperature and in less time than a conventional oven. For example, you can drop the oven 25° and cook the food for same amount of time as a conventional oven. This does depend on the amount of food and/or oversized food.
    • Electric convection is more even than gas convection, because electric heat is a more consistent fuel than gas.

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Different Types of Convection

Basically, there are two types of convection ovens: Convection and True Convection.

Convection is your normal oven but with an added fan on the back to circulate air.

True Convection, or European Convection, features a heating element behind the fan, allowing for better cooking results than standard convection. True Convection fans distribute heated air, rather than circulating pre-heated air.

Twin Convection

dual convection oven

Twin convection, or dual convection, features two fans in the oven. The fans are on either side of the oven and can spin either simultaneously or alternating to move air. The Wolf E Series oven we show below features dual convection fans. With this Wolf model, the fans will turn on and off at different intervals to heat food, depending on the food and mode of cooking. Other ovens, like Jenn-Air and Frigidaire will have both fans on regardless of cooking type or temperature, so its not as customized as the Wolf.

Convection Wall Ovens

Wolf E Series Single Wall Oven SO30TE/S/TH – $3,999


      • 4.5 cu. ft. Dual Convection Oven
      • Self-Clean, 10 Cooking Modes
      • Stainless Steel Touch Control Panel


Jenn-Air Single Wall Oven JJW2430WS - $2,499


      • 4.5 cu ft capacity
      • 3,400 watts convection element
      • Flush to cabinet design


Frigidaire Gallery Single Wall Oven FGEW3045KF - $1,258


      • 4.2 cu ft capacity
      • Easy convection conversion setting
      • Smudge proof stainless steel

Convection Ranges

Stoves over $1,000 and slide-ins over $1,799 typically offer convection.

Bosch HGS5L53UC - $1,149



Electrolux EI30EF55GS - $1,399



Jenn-Air JES8850CAS - $1,799


Key Takeaways

Convection evens heat distribution in the oven. Although it will not change the food, convection will cook (especially bake) more consistently. 

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Additional Resources

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A few review sites have placed this at the bottom of their articles. So here is our take: Our mission is to find reliable products for you to buy. Other review sites may say this as well.

However, we don’t love every product. Quite frankly, it costs us way too much money in repair costs to support less reliable brands.

In fact, we sell fewer brands than most appliance stores. Here is why:

We feel it is our responsibility to repair your appliances after you buy them.

We now have 30 service technicians, each averaging 8-10 calls a day Monday through Friday, plus another 110 on Saturday. That's over 30,000 service calls logged in one year.

The labor rates of fixing an appliance do not come close to the true cost in any product’s warranty period.

That is why no major retailer has a service department. It costs too much labor, money and time.

Our Blog is a bit different than most others you will read. We cannot write glowing reviews of unreliable products.

Hopefully, the bloggers and organizations who write such glowing product reviews for every brand consider servicing these products first. Only then they will understand the consequences of their marketing.

Danny Nguyen

Danny Nguyen is an Appliance Sales Consultant at Yale Appliance. Danny has completed 2 half marathons and enjoys spending time traveling and snowboarding.

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